Reflections on the Charleston Shooting

Written for St. Andrew Lutheran Church, Franklin, TN + Fifth Sunday in Pentecost + June 28, 2015

Texts: 2 Sam. 1:1, 17-27; 2 Cor. 8:7-15; Mark 5:21-43

This Wednesday Presiding Bishop Eaton asked all ELCA congregations to set apart today’s worship as day of mourning and repentance. She calls us all to reflect on the shooting of nine of our sisters and brothers at Mother Emanuel AME Church, to reflect on our culture, to repent of the ways our society still makes it so easy to treat people of color as though they were a lesser sort of people.

When we talk about these things, we often use the word “equality.” The Declaration of Independence stated “all men are created equal.” Since then many, many groups have fought to make these words into a reality that we all can feel.

St. Paul wrote over and over about our equality in Christ. We just heard one example of this in our reading from Paul’s second letter to the Corinthians. But the equality Paul described there is not exactly like our usual visions of equality: He did not write, “We must all have equal opportunities,” or  “We must all be treated equally,” or even “God made us all equal.” He wasn’t writing, here, about a fundamental inner equality that we must all recognize — though he did write about that in other places (ex. Gal. 3:28; Phm. 1:15-16). Here, he wrote about our differences and our stewardship of those differences. He encouraged the Corinthians to use their differences in light of their faith that all people are equal in Christ.

Paul’s words are a good guide for us as we reflect on the shooting at Mother Emanuel. We offer some justice to the dead and to those who mourn them when we recognize that there are still differences between people who are black and people who are white in this country. We offer justice when we think about how we can be good stewards of these differences.

In this instance Paul was writing specifically about stewardship of money. He was in the process of gathering an offering for the church in Jerusalem, and he sent Titus to the Corinthian church to gather their donations (1 Cor. 16:1-4; 2 Cor. 8:1-6). But Paul did not simply ask for money for the church in need; he wrote about why this sort of giving is a necessary part of the Christian life. We might say that today’s reading is his “stewardship drive sermon.”

For Paul, sharing what we have with those in need was just part of living in God’s grace. Take a look at today’s reading from 2 Corinthians. You won’t find the word “grace” printed there in some of the translations. But in the original Greek, the word that means grace — charis — is there. Twice. The first time is towards the end of verse seven: “so we want you to excel also in this grace.” Meaning, this grace of giving to those in need. And it appears again in verse nine: “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that by his poverty you might become rich.”

You can be a part of the work of Jesus Christ, Paul said to the Corinthians. You can be a part of the action of God’s grace, here and now. All that is needed is good stewardship of what you have been given.

This is where equality comes in. Or, as it says in the NRSV, “fair balance.” For though we are all equal in Christ, the reality of this world is that we are not the same. Some have more than they need, while others live in great need. God gives us the opportunity to sacrifice our abundance to the need of others, just as Jesus sacrificed all the riches and power of being God to meet our need for grace. God gives us the opportunity to balance out the economy of abundance and need so that all have enough. That is the state of equality Paul dreamed of: the use of what we have in response to God’s grace so that all have enough. Good, grace-full stewardship.

We are stewards of much more than our money. We are stewards of all that God has given us: our time, our talents, our words, our whole lives. This morning, we look at our lives through the tragedy in Charleston, and our hearts focus in on other areas of our stewardship.

Over all, let us remember that we are now the stewards of the shooting, of the moment when nine lives were taken. We are the stewards of their deaths. We are the stewards of their memories. We are the stewards of the way this story will be told. We are responsible for whether it will be an isolated tragedy, committed by a single man with his own ideas, or whether it will be a meaningful event, a call to change. We are responsible for whether that horrible moment will be a forgotten tombstone or a patch of ground from which something grows. We are responsible for whether they died in vain.

One way for us to be faithful stewards of this tragedy is to reflect on the ways racism is still active in our culture. Pastor Lippard led the way for our reflection in his sermon last Sunday. We must recognize that the experiences of people who are black and people who are white are not the same. People with black skin live their day-to-day lives in a world where they are more likely to get pulled over for going 61 in a 60 zone;[1] where they are less likely to get called in for a job interview;[2] where they are treated differently by real estate agents;[3] where their children come home from school and wish they were a different color; where they are more likely to be looked at with fear; where when another person of color acts badly, it is going to affect people’s opinion of them; and where their experiences of these prejudices are likely to be dismissed.

These cultural trends have a flip side: that flip side is that those of us who are light-skinned benefit in the places where people of color suffer. If a black person is less likely to get called back for a job interview, the necessary flip side is that a white person is more likely to get called back. This is what is meant by “white privilege.” I’m sure I’m not the only white person who gets defensive when I hear that. But these statements are not about whose fault it is that people of color are treated differently, and it’s not a matter of feeling guilty for our privileges. What matters is that these things are true, that there are consistent differences in the lives of black and white Americans, and that we are stewards of these differences. We, personally, did not take our higher place in society by force, but we decide what to do with it. We decide whether to continue a history of hoarding this status for ourselves, or sharing our riches in actions of grace.

To again quote St. Paul: “I do not mean that there should be relief for others and pressure on you, but it is a question of a fair balance between your present abundance and their need, so that their abundance may be for your need, in order that there may be a fair balance. As it is written, ‘The one who had much did not have too much, and the one who had little did not have too little’” (NRSV).

Every day God gives us the opportunity to make this vision of equality a reality. Every day God gives us the opportunity to be good stewards, to give of our abundance to God’s continuing work of grace. We can be good stewards of our conversations and of our responses to any racism we hear from others. We can be good stewards of our own thoughts about others, and even our unconscious impulses to treat others differently, unfairly. We can be good stewards of our relationships by actively welcoming those who are different. We can be good stewards of our children and the way they are learning to exist in the world. We can be good stewards of our vote and our political voices. We can be good stewards of our attention by listening to others with an open heart. We can be good stewards of our own hearts by laying down our defenses and opening ourselves to self-reflection and repentance.

In all these things, we can be good stewards of the grace God has given us in Jesus Christ.

In even our smallest movements toward better stewardship of our words and our actions, we are exercising the power of God. Because even the smallest changes we make in response to the shooting of those nine Christians are an expression of Christ’s victory over death. If we are good stewards of their deaths and of their memories, then we are proclaiming the Christian message: “Death is not the end.” Their death will turn to life: not just their eternal life, but new, full life for those still in this world.

When Cain killed Abel, Abel’s blood cried out to God (Gen. 4:10). Now from the floors of Mother Emanuel blood is again crying out, and God raises its call: Join in the victory over sin and death. Let this world hear us proclaim: “Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?” (1 Cor. 15:55).


[1] See Christopher Ingraham’s “You really can get pulled over for driving while black, federal statistics showWashington Post, Sept. 9, 2014 and David A. Harris’s report for the ACLU, “Driving While Black: Racial Profiling on our Nation’s Highways,” June 1999

[2] David R. Francis, “Employers’ Replies to Racial Names,” The National Bureau of Economic Research

[3] George Gonzalez, “Racial and Ethnic Minorities Face More Subtle Housing Discrimination,” U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, June 11, 2013

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